Edmonton and area is lucky enough to host the Ruby-throated Hummingbird!
The Ruby-throated happily nests in rural areas, but tends to avoid heavy urbanization. Edmontonians that live along the river valley or the Mill Creek and Whitemud ravines may see these jewels migrate through in May and again in late August – September.
Hummingbird nectar is as simple as 4 parts water : 1 part WHITE TABLE SUGAR. Please do not use anything else! The mineral content of raw sugar, brown sugar, molasses, agave, honey are all toxic to the tiny birds. Sucrose is the most similar to natural flower nectar, do not use sugar substitutes! There is no need to boil treated city water, but you certainly can. Excess mixture can be kept in the fridge for 1-2 weeks.
PLEASE: DO NOT ADD RED DYE. DO NOT BUY COMMERCIAL MIXES WITH RED DYE.
Keep in mind that hummingbird feeders require a commitment to keeping nectar fresh & feeders clean. This requires cleaning the feeders 2-3 times a week, and everyday in very hot weather! Nectar will ferment and mold will begin to grow as soon as a hummingbird tongue touches the nectar.
If up-keep sound like a lot (it is!) we suggest that you buy flower planters early in the season and grow hummingbird favorites in your garden.
Please note: pictures below are not to scale.